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post to chase up – from paula levine

March 16th, 2008

Hi Tina,

Here are the references I mentioned:
1. Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne –
19th century neurologist who worked with electricity to stimulate/simulate emotion. Also published a collection of photographs (new technology at the time) where he created a database of images documenting his electrical experiments on the facial muscles and the emotional states it rendered.

2. Jean-Martin Charcot (who was influenced by the work of Duchenne and who, in turn, influenced Freud in his early exploration of hypnosis and hysteria) ran the Paris Salpêtrière asylum and held public theatres of hysteria for guests where inmates, mostly women, would have hysterical fits. There’s a lot of writing on this, particularly in relationship to the history of women and hysteria. He and a photographer colleague created a large archive of images of hysterics. One particular woman was popular because of her ability to have hysterical fits on cue — her name I think was Augustine. If I remember correctly, she escaped the asylum by dressing as a man and was never seen or heard from again…

charcot.jpg
Martin Charcot

charcot02.jpg
jean-martin charcot’s photograph of augustine in ecstasy

charcot03.jpg

3. You mentioned Eadweard Muybridge. I know of his work with animal and human locomotion but not with photographing emotion. However he was amazingly productive so…

eadweard-muybridge.jpg

4. Dr. Jose Delgado from Yale and his early work with electrical stimuli and a charging bull.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Manuel_Rodriguez_Delgado

http://www.wanttoknow.info/650517nytimes

delgado.jpg

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